VOLUME XY, ISSUE 1, FALL 2015

Download a full copy of the Fall Issue here or read the posts below!

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STUDENT EDITORIAL BOARD

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Emily Philipp Bryant is a third-year doctoral student in Sociology at Boston University. Her past research has con- sidered how defendants testifying on their own behalf at the Interna- tional Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda employed various vocabulary techniques to account for their alleged actions in the 1994 genocide. Emily’s current research examines the diffusion of microfinance funding practices across US foundations, and her fu- ture research will explore the valuation mechanisms underlying the decision-making processes of foun- dations engaged in transnational giving, particularly as this giving supports market-based approaches to poverty alleviation.

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Senior Editor
Rebecca Farber is a third-year doctoral student in Sociology with a concentration in Gender/Sexuality Studies at Boston Uni- versity. Her dissertation examines medical tourism in Thailand and how the changing healthcare market impacts Thai transgender women, or kathoey. Rebecca will conduct ethnographic research to understand how kathoey’s societal roles, health care access, and employment outcomes have changed as Thailand has become a global leader in medical tourism. Rebecca attended Bryn Mawr College and is a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow.

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Carly Knight is a PhD Candidate in sociology at Harvard University. Her dissertation explores the question of how the state structures corporate-society interactions through a historical investigation of the origins and changing meanings of the “corporate person” metaphor in American law. She also is involved in several other research projects related to corporations, markets, and inequality. Current projects examine how labor market considerations affect gender attitudes, the efficacy of antidiscrimination law on corporate behavior, and occupational segregation by sexual orientation. Her research has appeared in Adminis- trative Science Quarterly.

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Kim Pernell-Gallagher is a PhD Candidate in sociology at Harvard University. Her dissertation is a comparative historical project that investigates why different countries developed different banking regulations in the years leading up to the recent global financial crisis. She finds that regulators in different countries adopted different policies because they subscribed to different conceptions of economic order, which can be traced back many decades. Another line of research uses quantitative methods to examine the rise and spread of risky, ineffective, or harmful organizational practices. One paper from this research program, “Learning From Performance: Banks, Collateralized Debt Obligations, and the Credit Crisis” received the 2014 James D. Thompson Award for the best graduate student paper from the Organizations, Occupations, and Work section of the American Sociological Association. Her research has been published in Social Forces and Research in the Sociology of Organizations.

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Barbara Kiviat
is a PhD student in sociology and social policy at Harvard University. Her research interests include economic sociology, stratification, and public policy. Her current project examines the spread of personal data, like credit history, into new social domains. She holds an MPA from New York University and an MA in business journalism from Columbia University.

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Alaz Kilicaslan is a PhD Candidate in sociology at Boston University. His research interests include economic sociology, sociology of work, sociology of organizations, and medical sociology. He is particularly interested in the restructuring of work and workplace relations in professional fields. His dissertation project is a comparative study, which examines the organizational changes in Turkish public hospitals, characterized by the monetization and bureaucratization of healthcare service delivery. Accordingly, he conducted a year-long field research in Istanbul, Turkey between September 2014 and August 2015, by focusing on how two hospitals and their respective physicians respond to organizational changes in different ways, and how physicians’ professional power and identities are being transformed in the process.

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Managing Editor
Will Attwood-Charles is a fourth year doctor- al student in sociology at Boston College and a member of Juliet Schor’s Connected Consumption and Connected Economy research team. His research interests include economic and organizational sociology and the sociology of work. He is particularly interest- ed in how work is organized and reorganized, as well as the experiences of individuals in relation to this process. His past research has examined the deployment of “lean production,” a management model developed by the auto manufacturer Toyota, in the context of two healthcare organizations. His current research draws on ethnographic fieldwork from a makerspace to explore how hierarchies are produced and reproduced in leveled, “post-bureaucratic” workplace environments.

2016 AWARDS CALL

The Economic Sociology Section’s Ronald Burt Outstanding Student Paper Award

The Economic Sociology Section invites nominations for the 2016 Ronald Burt Outstanding Student Paper Award for a paper written by a graduate student in the field of economic sociology. Papers may be either published or unpublished, but must have been authored by students who have not received their Ph.D. by March 1, 2016. Students are encouraged to nominate their own work. Letters of nomination are not required. Papers co-authored with faculty are not eligible for the Burt award. Electronic copies of the paper should be sent no later than March 1, 2016 to all members of the Burt Award Committee (listed below). Please direct any inquiries to Chair Kieran Healy.

Kieran Healy, Duke, kjhealy@soc.duke.edu

Basak Kus, Wesleyan, bkus@wesleyan.edu

Daniel DellaPosta, Cornell, djd264@cornell.edu
The Economic Sociology Section’s Mark Granovetter Prize for Best Article

The Economic Sociology Section invites nominations for the 2016 Granovetter Prize for an outstanding article published in the field of economic sociology. Eligible publications must have a 2014 or 2015 publication date. Authors are encouraged to nominate their own work. Letters of nomination are not required. Stand-alone chapters from edited volumes are eligible for this award.  An electronic copy should be sent no later than March 1, 2016 to all members of the Granovetter Award Committee. Please direct any inquiries to Chair Emily Barman.
Emily Barman (Chair), Boston University, eabarman@bu.edu

Rachel Dwyer, Ohio State University, dwyer.46@osu.edu

Andras Tilcsik, University of Toronto, andras.tilcsik@rotman.utoronto.ca

Frederick Wherry, Yale, frederick.wherry@yale.edu
The Economic Sociology Section’s Viviana Zelizer Award for Best Book

The Economic Sociology Section invites nominations for the 2016 Zelizer Award for an outstanding book published in the field of economic sociology. Eligible books must have a 2014 or 2015 publication date. Authors are welcome to nominate their own work. To nominate a book, please send a copy of the book to all four committee members listed below by March 1, 2016. Letters of nomination are not required from ASA members. Publishers who wish to submit a book for consideration must include a nomination letter that states how the book contributes to economic sociology. Please direct any inquiries to Chair Akos Rona-Tas (aronatas@ucsd.edu)

Akos Rona-Tas (Chair)Department of Sociology

University of California, San Diego

Social Science Building, Room 401

9500 Gilman Drive #0533

La Jolla, CA 92093-0533

Dani Lainer-Vos

Department of Sociology

University of Southern California

851 Downey Way,Hazel Stanley Hall 314

Los Angeles, CA 90089-1059

Ashley Mears

Department of Sociology

Boston University

100 Cummington Mall

Boston, MA 02215

Paromita Sanyal

Department of Sociology

Cornell University

352 Uris Hall

Ithaca, NY 14853

CALL FOR PAPERS

MINI-CONFERENCE Call for Papers

The New Economy ASA pre-conference hosted by the Economic Sociology Section Economic Sociology Section of the ASA is pleased to announce a one-day conference on The New Economy to be held on August 19, 2016 at the University of Washington, Seattle. The crises of late-stage capitalism has led to a series of crises, including global threats to sustainability, security and democracy. It has also created technologies and opportunities that are giving rise to new forms of organization, new systems of work, new markets, new global flows of people, new goods and capital, and new institutional and cultural frameworks. These macro-level changes, in turn, result in profound transformations of social life at the microlevel: new social identities, new forms of adaption, and the new sites of struggle and resistance. The city of Seattle is a particularly fertile ground for addressing these concerns, given its rich and important history of innovation, labor movements and its position as one of the fastest growing cities in the U.S.

The mini-conference will address the transformation of the old economic forms and the emergence of the new ones. In particular, we encourage papers that focus on:

*changes in organizational forms and institutional arrangements
*the emergence of new forms of work and employment, including the so-called “sharing economy”
*new patterns of consumption
*how new forms of work and patterns of consumption influence social identities
*new types of markets
*new forms of money and currency
*new patterns of lending and finance
*new digital and information infrastructures, and implications for surveillance and control
*effects of economic changes on social cohesion and social autonomy
*forms of economic adaptation and forms of resistance to these changes
*effects of all those innovations on sustainability, inequality and social justice
*theoretical approaches to studying these issues

Extended abstracts (up to 500 words) should be submitted to theneweconomy2016@gmail.com by February 15, 2016.
Participants would be asked to register and pay onsite registration fee of $20 for faculty and $10 for graduate students. Lunch would be provided. Please email aguseva@bu.edu if you would like to volunteer for the conference.

MEMBERS’ PUBLICATIONS

Anteby, Michel., (2015). L’École des Patrons : Silence et Morales d’Entreprise à la Business School de Harvard. Paris: Editions Rue d’Ulm. A French translation of Manufacturing Morals (Chicago, 2014)

Bartley, Tim, Sebastian Koos, Hiram Samel, Gustavo Setrini, and Nikolas Summers. 2015. Looking Behind the Label: Global Industries and the Conscientious Consumer. Indiana University Press.

What does it mean when consumers “shop with a conscience” and choose products labeled as fair or sustainable? Does this translate into meaningful changes in global production processes? To what extent are voluntary standards implemented and enforced, and can they really govern global industries? Looking behind the Label presents an informative introduction to global production and ethical consumption, tracing the links between consumers’ choices and the practices of multinational producers and retailers. The authors explore the making of several types of products—wood and paper, food, apparel and footwear, and electronics—to reveal what lies behind voluntary rules and to critique predominant assumptions about ethical consumption as a form of political expression. The book was written with accessibility in mind, and it could be a useful resource for courses on economic sociology, globalization, consumption, or corporate social responsibility.

Eichar, Douglas M. 2015. The Rise and Fall of Corporate Social Responsibility. Transaction Publishers. Corporate social responsibility was one of the most consequential business trends of the twentieth century. Having spent decades burnishing reputations as both great places to work and generous philanthropists, large corporations suddenly abandoned their commitment to their communities and employees during the 1980s and 1990s, indicated by declining job security, health insurance, and corporate giving. This is the first account of the entire history of twentieth-century corporate social responsibility. It provides a valuable perspective from which to revisit the debate concerning the public purpose of large corporations. It also offers new ideas that may transform the public debate about regulating larger corporations.

Members’ articles

Baldassarri, Delia. 2015. “Cooperative Networks: Altruism, Group Solidarity, Reciprocity, and Sanctioning in Ugandan Producer Organizations,” American Journal of Sociology 121(2): 355-395.

Font, Mauricio and David Jancsics. 2015. “From Planning to Market: A Framework for Cuba”. Bulletin of Latin American Research, link to online abstract http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/blar.12409/ abstract

Gautney, Heather and Chris Rhomberg. 2015. “The Runaway Production Complex? The Film Industry as a Driver of Urban Economic Revitalization in the United States,” City and Community, 14(3): 262-285.

Reyes, Victoria. 2015. “Global Borderlands: A Case Study of Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Philippines” Theory and Society 44(4):355-384.

Wallimann, Isidor. 2014. “Social and solidarity economy for sustainable development: its premises – and the Social Economy Basel example of practice,” International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie, 24(1): 1-11.

Wallimann, Isidor. 2015. “Urban Agriculture as Embedded in the Social and Solidarity Economy Basel.” Pp.. 79-87, in Food Utopias , Paul V. Stock, Michael Carolan, Christopher Rosin, eds. New York: Routledge.

ON THE MARKET

Rebecca Elliott (University of California, Berkeley)

Dissertation: Underwater: Floods and the Social Classification, Pricing, and Distribution of the Risks of Climate Change in the United States

My dissertation takes up a problem facing the American welfare state: how to bear the escalating costs of more frequent and severe natural disasters. I examine this problem in the context of recent transformations to the massively indebted federal National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), the public insurance institution that allocates financial responsibilities for the particular natural hazard of flooding. Drawing on qualitative (interview, ethnographic, and archival) and quantitative data, Underwater is a multi-method analysis of how, and to what effects, the state establishes and “prices in” intensified conditions of flood hazard as distributable risk. I focus on the central processes of risk classification, calculation, and distribution in the NFIP. I find that these processes of insurance act as channels through which this particular climate change burden, of more frequent and severe flooding, is individualized. Specifically, updated official risk classifications, combined with changes to the calculation of insurance premiums, shifted more financial responsibility from the state to individual policyholders, who had to find ways to mitigate the risk and its cost. The dissertation analyzes how the state carries out this shift in practice, how people and communities experience it on the ground, and how struggles over these public insurance processes interact with more general questions of welfare state provision.

Bryce Hannibal (Texas A&M University, Postdoctoral Research Associate Institute for Science, Technology, and Public Policy)

In this project I explore, jazz collaboration networks at the height of small-group jazz popularity (1945- 1958) to determine if one’s structural location within the larger network influences career success and innovation. Using a network dataset collected from the Tom Lord Discography, I use social network analysis techniques and longitudinal logistic regression to examine a statistical relationship between network characteristics and success. I test several existing hypotheses in network literature, e.g., centrality, brokerage, and closure, as well as newer assertions that are gaining widespread use. Because jazz is based on improvisation there are incentives to creating a well-functioning closed group that remains cohesive so that musicians become familiar with and attuned to one another’s musical styles. However, while this logic is sound the results of this project do not follow the closure tradition and are instead consistent with the sparse networks or brokerage hypotheses. Individuals within jazz networks who form a closed group are less likely to have a successful career. More broadly, conclusions from this project suggest that individual innovators who work in a group setting should maintain open networks with connections to diverse areas of the global network.

Kim Pernell-Gallagher (Harvard University) Dissertation: The Causes of the Divergent Development of Banking Regulation in the U.S., Canada, and Spain

I ask why different countries created different systems of banking regulation in the years leading up to the recent global financial crisis, despite adhering to the terms of the same transnational regulatory agreement (the 1988 Basel Capital Accord). The conventional wisdom is that banking regulation either follows universal principles of efficiency, or reflects the power and interests of the regulated industry. I offer a very different explanation: regulators from different countries adopted different policies because they subscribed to fundamentally different conceptions of economic order, which can be traced back many decades. To support this argument, I draw from over 5000 pages of archival material and 24 in-depth interviews with regulators and industry participants, tracing the historical development of banking regulation (1780-2007) within each country.